Jens Stoltenberg was born in Oslo on 16 March 1959. He spent his childhood years abroad, with his diplomat father, mother and two sisters.
Mr Stoltenberg holds a postgraduate degree in Economics from the University of Oslo. After graduating in 1987, he started work in Statistics Norway.
1990-1991: State Secretary at the Ministry of the Environment
1991-2014: Member of Parliament
1993-1996: Minister of Industry and Energy
1996-1997: Minister of Finance
2000-2001: Prime Minister of Norway
2002-2014: Leader of the Norwegian Labor Party
2005-2013: Prime Minister of Norway
While Mr Stoltenberg was Prime Minister, Norway’s defence spending increased steadily, with the result that Norway is today one of the Allies with the highest per capita defence expenditure. Mr Stoltenberg has also been instrumental in transforming the Norwegian armed forces, through a strong focus on deployable high-end capabilities. Under his leadership, the Norwegian Government has contributed Norwegian forces to various NATO operations.
During his tenure as Prime Minister, Mr Stoltenberg frequently called for NATO to focus on security challenges close to Allied territory.
Mr Stoltenberg is a strong supporter of enhanced transatlantic cooperation, including better burden-sharing across the Atlantic. He sees NATO and the EU as complementary organisations in terms of securing peace and development in Europe and beyond.
Mr Stoltenberg has had a number of international assignments. These include chairing the UN High-level Panel on System-wide Coherence and the High-level Advisory Group on Climate Change Financing. He was also UN Special Envoy on Climate Change.
Mr Stoltenberg is married to Ingrid Schulerud. Together they have two grown-up children.
State Lawyer in the Basque Country in 1991.
Entered the legal services department of the Ministry of Public Works, Transport and the Environment in 1992
Chief State Lawyer at the Ministry of Social Affairs (1994-1996).
Advisor to the Office of the Minister for Employment and Social Affairs until 1997.
Labour and Social Affairs Councilor at the Spanish Embassy in the United States in 1998.
Appointed Technical Secretary General at the Ministry for Employment and Social Affairs in 1999.
Under-Secretary for Public Administration Services (2000-2002).
Under-Secretary for the Ministry of Home Affairs (2002-2004).
State Lawyer before the Court of Human Rights (2004-2005).
Councillor for Transport and Infrastructure in the Regional Government of Madrid (2004-2006).
PP Chair in Castile-La Mancha since June 2006.
Member of the Upper House for the Regional Government of Castile-La Mancha (2006-2011).
Member of the Parliament of Castile-La Mancha (2007-2015).
General Secretary of the People's Party (Partido Popular) since June 2008.
President of the Regional Government of Castile-La Mancha (2011-2015).
Member of Parliament in the 11th and 12th Legislatures.
Minister for Defence since 4 November 2016.
He was previously Director and CEO of the Fondation pour la recherche stratégique (FRS), the leading French think tank on defence and security (2008-16). In that capacity, he served on several expert groups on the future of NATO (Advisor to the Group of Experts on the Strategic Concept chaired by Madeleine Albright in 2009-10, Member of the Group of Policy Experts for the Wales Summit in 2014). His research and publications focused on defence policy, NATO, nuclear policy, and missile defence.
He was also Deputy Director for Disarmament and Multilateral Affairs in the Directorate for Strategic, Security and Disarmament Affairs of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs (2006‑08). In that capacity, he was in charge of chemical and biological non-proliferation and conventional arms control, and served as French representative in several international negotiations and senior groups within the EU and NATO (HLTF).
Prior to that, he was Special Assistant for International Affairs and Deputy Diplomatic Adviser to the French Minister of Defence (2002-06), in charge of international defence and armament cooperation, policy planning, and nuclear and missile defence policies. He was also responsible for nuclear policy and non-proliferation in the policy branch of the French MoD (1999-2002), and was an associate fellow at the Institut français des relations internationales (Ifri) (2000‑02).
He also worked with the European Union Institute for Security Studies (EU-ISS) as a visiting fellow (1999-2000), with the Institut des relations internationales et stratégiques as a research fellow and editor of the quarterly journal Relations Internationales et Stratégiques (1994-98), and with Ifri as a research assistant (1992-94).
Camille Grand was also an associate lecturer at the Paris School of International Affairs at Sciences Po Paris (1998-2016). Amongst other past teaching positions, he was a lecturer at the Ecole Nationale d'Administration (ENA, 2006-10) and an associate professor at the French Army Academy, Ecole spéciale militaire de St Cyr-Coëtquidan, (1995-2002).
He was also a member of the Conseil général de l’armement (National Advisory Board on Armament and Technology, chaired by the French Minister of Defence) from 2012, and a member of the United Nations Secretary General’s Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters from 2014.
His publications include several books and monographs and numerous papers in European and American books and journals on current strategic affairs, primarily focused on defence policy, European security, NATO, nuclear policy, missile defence, non-proliferation and disarmament.
He holds graduate degrees in international relations, defence studies, and contemporary history, and is a graduate from the Institut d'études politiques de Paris. He also trained at the Institut diplomatique of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Camille Grand is married and father of three sons.
Date and place of birth April 14t 1968, in region of Pasvalys, Lithuania
1986-1992 Law Faculty, Vilnius University
December 2016 Inaugurated as the Minister of National Defence
2015-2016 Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania
2010-2015 Permanent Representative of the Republic of Lithuania to the European Union
Deputy Permanent Representative of the Republic of Lithuania to the European Union (COREPER I)
Director, Foreign Trade Policy Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania
Director, Economic Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania
2001-2003 Permanent Representative of the Republic of Lithuania to the WTO
Minister Counsellor, Permanent Mission of the Republic of Lithuania to the United Nations Office in Geneva
1997-1999 Director, Economic Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania
Deputy Director, Economic Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania
1995-1997 Head, Foreign Trade Policy Division, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania
First Secretary, Foreign Trade Policy Division, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania
1992-1994 Legal Consultant, Lithuanian Free Market Institute
2003 Knight’s Cross of the Order for Merits to Lithuania
2014 Commander’s Cross of the Order for Merits to Lithuania
José Alberto de Azeredo Lopes was born in Oporto, in 1961.
He is Professor of Faculdade de Direito of the Universidade Católica Portuguesa, where he graduate and took his Master and PhD.
Later on, he graduate in Institut Européen des Hautes Études Internationales and he became an auditor of Hague Academy of International Law.
He is also invited Professor of Blanquerna Comunicació, Universitat Ramon Llul, in Barcelona.
He was director of Escola de Direito do Porto of the Universidade Católica Portuguesa (2005-2006) and of International Studies Office of the same University (1993-2004).
He was member of the working group for public service of television appointed by XV Government, in 2002.
He joint East Timor UN Mission as advisor, in 1999. In the same year, he coordinated a mission of international observers to the referendum about East Timor independence.
He was President of Regulatory Authority for the Media (2006-2011).
He was an expert in media’s freedom with the OSCE Representative for the Media Freedom (Vienna, 2014).
He is lecturer in Instituto de Defesa Nacional, having previously also been a lecturer in Instituto Superior Naval de Guerra, on issues related to armed conflicts and geopolitics.
Nowadays, his main research areas are due to self-determination right, the use of the force in international relations, human rights and armed conflicts.
He wrote chronicles in Jornal de Notícias and was a commentator of RTP2 for international relations.
Since 2013, he was Oporto’s Mayor Head of Office.